Colonnelli, I., & Aldinucci, M. (2022, September). Hybrid Workflows For Large-Scale Scientific Applications. In Sixth EAGE High Performance Computing Workshop (Vol. 2022, No. 1, pp. 1-5). European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers.
Large-scale scientific applications are facing an irreversible transition from monolithic, high-performance oriented codes to modular and polyglot deployments of specialised (micro-)services. The reasons behind this transition are many: coupling of standard solvers with Deep Learning techniques, offloading of data analysis and visualisation to Cloud, and the advent of specialised hardware accelerators.
Topology-aware Workflow Management Systems (WMSs) play a crucial role. In particular, topology-awareness allows an explicit mapping of workflow steps onto heterogeneous locations, allowing automated executions on top of hybrid architectures (e.g., cloud+HPC or classical+quantum). Plus, topology-aware WMSs can offer nonfunctional requirements OOTB, e.g. components’ life-cycle orchestration, secure and efficient data transfers, fault tolerance, and cross-cluster execution of urgent workloads. Augmenting interactive Jupyter Notebooks with distributed workflow capabilities allows domain experts to prototype and scale applications using the same technological stack, while relying on a feature-rich and user-friendly web interface.
This abstract will showcase how these general methodologies can be applied to a typical geoscience simulation pipeline based on the Full Wavefront Inversion (FWI) technique. In particular, a prototypical Jupyter Notebook will be executed interactively on Cloud. Preliminary data analyses and post-processing will be executed locally, while the computationally demanding optimisation loop will be scheduled on a remote HPC cluster.